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张千帆:“发展”首先是人的发展学界影响力中国网

30 in the last yearses, reform always around principal axis in"economy development".Guide in the economic deterministic thinking under, we without thinking row economic development and"the exaltation of people's living standard" mark of equality.However, this winter Peking flicks heavy haze of the heavy mist that it doesn't go to be good enough to express, this mark of equality doesn't establish.If"development" make us own Gao Lou, highway and railroad is to the extravagant daily necessity, but destroyed mankind to live depend on save of environment, pollute basic existence can not get away from of air, water and food, let the life disease even early die, the young generation doesn't can develop as usual, so we want thus of"develop" stem what?Today that the result that produced abundantly clear in the "development" thinking of economic doctrine still causes a temporary clamour, we must introspect the target and direction of reform.If the purpose reformed for the sake of the person's development, but not pure for attaining a certain GDP or person all income number, so we have to re- consider the basic common sense that some mankind live:As a person, what do we actually need?Is a life at social in of person, do we need government to do what?
  As a person, we need a material environment of suitable existence first.We are obviously similar to all animals, need detergent air, pure water, ample grass and forest....In fine, an ecoenvironment that keeps off various pollution.BE industrializing a society, the economic activities corpus can give the society creation huge wealth, but if there is no law stipulation, can also with milli- endlessly breakage environment.Because the market economy can not automatically bring an environment of healthy life, we just need government to use legal sanction to pollute, the environmental protection is duty-bound modern government responsibility.Equally, the market economy can give an our creation is a great deal of food, problem is the mankind need of is the food of safety and hygiene.When the outward appearance light is fresh harmful to process to become a kind of industry, it lets consumer true or false Mo Bian, not ability self-preservation, so protect a food safety also become the modern government should exert of obligation.
  However, how is our government in these aspect currently?Can not deny, they did a certain work, but left the need of the citizen to the healthy environment and the safe food still far far not enough, at the pollution treatment and the food safe devotion far far shortage.In fact, government can not not only effectively stop to pollute, and its GDP development thinking of predominance is exactly the important source head of pollution of the environment.The development pulled through various factitiousness, repair road, reformation, the government behavior biggest reduced farmland, forest and grass and turned worse dust in the city and noise at the same time.The economic doctrine develops thinking to not only make the government's Shu make at this officers and workerses, such as environmental protection and food safety...etc., but also make the officials directly participate economy and distort regulation in the market to combine increment to look for to rent cost, since polluting officialdom custom and causing is collectively corrupt, and then let the natural ecosystem of China sink into a round deprival and breakage that officer's company collaborates with.The natural environment that wants to resume to be suitable to healthily exist has to turn round economic doctrine development thinking, allow the government to withdraw tiny view economy intervention.The people don't need government to earn money for them, thus the "help" by all means exuviates into the officer and the people to contend for benefit;What people need is a government to help they manage the output linger effect in bargain process in the market and actively prevent and cure pollution of the environment and food safety concealed suffer from.
  As a person, we still need appropriate education.Is beyond all doubt, the modern citizen's development cans not gets away from foundation education;A person of sound intelligence has to have the basic knowledge of humanities, mathematics and ethics, so as to exist in the modern society and compete.The society of healthy prosperity is the healthy individual that is had modern knowledge by a constitutes, among them, everybody can be the value that an oneself's special contribution combines realization ego according to the own special features, a fondness for and ability.However, the everyone financial situation is different, many families don't necessarily have ability to let his/her own kid to acquire an appropriate education opportunity.For making each person can well develop his/her own potential and acquire the opportunity of equal competition, there is obligation in the nation provide a free and mostly equal compulsory education for all children.The compulsory education is the obligation of each family, more governmental obligation.If the government can not provide an appropriate education opportunity, it make equal part of childrens can not grow up for the qualified modern citizen, that is the governmental malpractice.
  At present for very sparse lack of high-quality higher education resources, we still can not do it average allotment, but must promise the equal opportunity that each student can be fought for to educate a resources, only have so just can reasonable allotment limited higher education resources.At a personnel is foreign to work of with moving sons and daughters can not still just he/she attend ground to take part in to test Gao of nation, the bias of education is innumerable, have some among them is BE taken charge of by the government to be delinquent to tolerate, some then long-term the administration turn of educate a system oneself to result in.To break the household register bias of having no reasonableness and human nature open to equally teach an opportunity to teach for the student of the whole whole country, education section has the obligation reconstruction the unified examination system of the reasonable, and forbid a soliciting students of the whole formses bias through a law.
  Is more important, education the section has to withdraw education on one's own initiative monopoly, let China educate regression independently and freely develop.The government has obligation to provide but has no right monopoly education.In fact, administration monopoly and bias result in short of Chinese higher education resources system source.And government not ability fully responsible for economy similar, government also not get fully responsible for education;If say the planned economy by all means makes material poor and so plan under the system of education by all means result in education and thought poor.To construct a healthy prosperous education system and construction the healthily prosperous market system is similar, the government needs own fixed position from completely monopolize the change takes charge of for moderation and allow run by private capital strength into to educate realm to combine with public education equal competition.
  Is a person needs of still have a lot, however normal existence and education environment are its most basic needs.Only satisfy these basic and demanding reform is positive of, Be worth our pursuing.The positive reform has to make people the center and take the person's healthy growth and development as a basic direction.Economy be just the mankind live of a , since can not represent the all that the mankind live, more not ability infinite exaggerative combine with other conditions that this destroys mankind to exist.Therefore, the reform target that pursues "economy development" unilaterally is obviously false.Economy in fact and even if the development also have no call to government to directly participate, excessively intervention can rent to a corruption opportunity to create for looking for.China reform walks till today, must from human nature of the need set out to carry on to thoroughly introspect at a time and turn round economic doctrine development thinking, allow the government to withdraw tiny view economy intervention and completely education monopoly, and start to take to educate equal, environmental protection, food safety etc. originally should undertake of working talent.
  Return a knot bottom, the "development" is the person's development.For the relocating of the reform direction and the government working talent, China still needs the big discussion that a thought relieves.
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